Mosquito Control in the Region of Central Macedonia

Central Macedonia is a very high risk area, with lots and extended mosquito breeding sites, large mosquito populations and vector-borne diseases (WNV and malaria) that emerged during the last decade.The project in the Region of Central Macedonia includes mosquito control actions in the wetlands, in the periurban and agricultural system as well as in the urban system, aiming at the protection of public health and the reduction of the nuisance caused by mosquitoes. Other parallel actions are the adult mosquito samplings in 68 fixed sites that are monitored every 2 weeks since 2011 and the blood sampling from backyard chickens in order to evaluate the WNV circulation in the region of Central Macedonia.

7 Regional Units

1.042 Settlements

2020 – 2022

12 months

38 Municipalities

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8,000 hectares of larvae highly productive wetlands

18.000 Sampling stations

7,100 Km of canals and streams

16,000 hectrares of wetlands

40,000 catch basins

16 scientists

2 Drones

50 Vehicles

PROJECT DATA

1. The protection of high-risk areas, especially those where outbreaks of mosquito-borne diseases have occurred in recent years

2. The identification, evaluation and treatment of the main mosquito breeding sites in the natural, peri-urban, rural and urban environment

3. The reduction of mosquito population in cities and settlements especially those with high tourist development

4. The entomological and epidemiological surveillance through the establishment and operation of fixed networks for monitoring entomological and epidemiological risk assessment data

5. The readiness and ability to respond immediately and effectively in mosquito-borne diseases outbreaks

6. To inform and raise public awareness, with the aim of contributing to the success of the project and taking self-protection measures

7. The use of the most appropriate new scientific and technological tools and methodologies to achieve the best results and to continuously monitor the implementation of the above objectives

The project includes larvicidal actions (field work – sampling and spray interventions) on::

  • 16,000 ha of wetlands, of which 8,000 ha are considered as highly productive in mosquito larvae
  • 7,100 kilometers of canals and streams in the rural and peri-urban system
  • 1,900 ha of flooded areas in the peri-urban system
  • 2,900 scattered breeding sites of limited extent in the peri-urban and rural system
  • Breeding sites in private places (mainly septic tanks), mainly in settlements where outbreaks of mosquito-borne diseases have occured, as well as in settlements with a high tourist character
  • 32 towns and cities with a population more than 5,000 inhabitants
  • 40,000 catch basins in cities and settlements

The mosquito control actions consist of larvae samplings and ground larviciding in the natural, peri-urban, rural and urban system as well as aerial larviciding in the wetlands with the use of unmanned means (drones)

Priority is given to:

  • areas where wetlands co-exist with densely populated urban areas
  • areas where cases of mosquito-borne diseases have been recorded (West Nile virus, malaria)
  • areas of high tourist interest

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